The President, Prime Minister and the Speaker of the Chamber ofDeputies cannot be from the same political party under theconstitution. The President is elected every seven years, and may servea maximum of two terms.
Parliamentary representation is governed by a series of threshold quotas:
- Anyparty needs to receive over 5% of the popular vote in order to gainparliamentary representation (the same as the lower threshold system inGermany and Italy, which ensures that minority, extremist parties havebarriers to gaining a foothold in parliament)
- Any party which receives over 50% of the popular vote can still only receive a maximum of 50% of the seats in parliament
- Similarthreshold rules apply to regional and local assembly elections, andadditionally representation throughout the judiciary
Bylaw, at least one third of the Parliamentary representation must befemale. In the parliamentary election of September 2008, 56% of seatswere won by women, making Rwanda the country with the highestpercentage of female parliamentarians in the world.
Rwanda vs.the United States: In the United States, the House of Representativesand the Senate can be dominated by one political party. Furthermore,the female representation in the 111th United States Congress is 17%making American women clearly underrepresented.